By Se Young Lee
SEOUL (StartName) – Japanese messaging app operator Line Corp [IPO-LINE.T] will not list this year, its parent Naver Corp said on Monday, having been readying a much-anticipated flotation that a source said could value it at up to $20 billion.
South Korea’s Naver said the operator of the Line app, first developed to overcome communication problems in Japan after the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami, is still considering whether to seek a listing, either in Japan, the United States, or both, but gave no details on possible timing.
A banking source told StartName in July that Line would likely list in November.
The decision to hold back follows the record-breaking $25 billion listing by Chinese e-commerce company Alibaba Group Holding Ltd, although a successful Alibaba listing had been expected to help smooth the way for an offering by Line.
“Line’s management has determined that now is not the optimal timing for the initial public offering (IPO),” a Naver spokesman told StartName, noting that Line is profitable and that Naver has the financial capacity to support Line’s growth.
A Line IPO would be the first by a major chat app operator.
Naver said in July that Line had applied to list in Tokyo and a person with direct knowledge of the matter told StartName on Monday that the firm has also applied for a New York listing. A banking source previously told StartName that Line could be valued at up to $20 billion.
“I think Naver may have believed that Line might not be able to get the best price from an IPO at this point,” said HDC Asset Management fund manager Park Jung-hoon, adding that Naver shares may drop on Tuesday given market expectations for a 2014 listing.
Park noted that Naver has yet to provide data on Line’s monthly active users (MAU), the key metric for messaging app companies, suggesting management may want to build up its user base to get the kind of valuation it wants.
“Rather than going public when Line’s MAU numbers may not be received favorably by the market, it may make sense to get pre-IPO type investment from companies like Alibaba and expand to new businesses,” he said.
A second person with direct knowledge of the matter, who did not want to be identified, told StartName the decision not to proceed with an IPO this year also factored in the likelihood that Line’s decision-making may be slowed once it goes public.
Line needs to raise money to expand beyond its Japanese stronghold and challenge deep-pocketed messaging services such as Chinese internet company Tencent Holdings Ltd’s WeChat, popular in the world’s No.2 economy, and Facebook Inc’s WhatsApp, analysts have said.
Masayuki Otani, chief market analyst at Securities Japan, said the Tokyo market, which will be closed for a holiday on Tuesday, may also reflect disappointment.
“The market has been moving on the assumption of a listing this year, so this will likely be a negative factor for related shares,” he said.
(Additional reporting by Daiki Iga and Yoshiyasu Shida in Tokyo; Editing by Tony Munroe and David Holmes)